A 'circular economy' is a term for an industrial economy that is, by design or intention, completely restorative. In a circular economy, material flows are of two types: biological and technical. Biological nutrients are designed to reenter the biosphere safely, and technical nutrients are designed to circulate at high quality without entering the biosphere. But everything is reused. In a circular system, we don't recycle... we upcycle. ~ Ellen McCarthur
Ellen McArthur raced a sailboat alone, non stop, around the world when she was only 25 years old. The experience inspired her to quit sailing and create the Ellen McArthur Foundation, to provide the public with accurate, up to date, and freely accessible information, sourced from reputable experts in the fields of energy and resources, design, engineering, education, economics and any other topic relevant to the debate regarding a sustainable future. She advocates for the kind of change articulated by William McDonough and Michael Braungart in their seminal books, Cradle to Cradle and The Upcycle, which envision humanity flourishing in the wealth of circular economics.
Sam has been practicing as an award winning architect for over thirty years, the majority of which of which he has also built his client's projects. This blend of experience balances the powerful artistic and theoretical interests of architecture with the pragmatic understanding of construction only available to highly experienced builders and architects. He is currently licensed to practice architecture throughout the western United States and Canada, and is also certified by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) which expedites registration in other states and provinces. He is the only Certified Passive House Consultant (CPHC) architect in eastern Washington and northern Idaho.